The Li-Fi network architecture alters the basic idea and functionalities of a wireless network, as we know it from Wi-Fi today. The Li-Fi user becomes an active part of each network, because Li-Fi networks can appear spontaneously, just by connecting multiple users directly to each other. As soon as two or more users with Li-Fi connectivity are directly connected to each other, they form a spontaneous (ad hoc) Li-Fi network, even though there is no network equipment pre-installed.
These two users form a spontaneous ad-hoc network where also others may join in – given they are invited to the ongoing network activity. This provides a whole new social meaning and functionality to the idea of a network. With Li-Fi, users are much easier able to share content or files with other users, if they choose to do so. Each Li-Fi transceiver behaves like a router, regardless if Li-Fi technology is integrated directly into a device or just connected to a device as dongle. If one of the Li-Fi network users is connected to the Internet, the other users of the network are able to use this Internet connection as well – as long as the user who controls the Internet connection agrees.
The most important differentiator between a Li-Fi and a Wi-Fi network is based on the entirely different technological design. While Wi-Fi creates a constant electromagnetic RF field – regardless if the Wi-Fi network is used or not – Li-Fi networks are only active when there is network activity going on. Li-Fi network users do not depend with their network activity on a centrally pre-installed system, which remains constantly active like Wi-Fi. Li-Fi networks can appear in a spontaneous fashion, as human social life itself. Li-Fi networks are only active if people decide to be actively involved in network activity in-between each other, otherwise Li-Fi is only a dormant but open possibility for modern human wireless communication.